Fairy Tale Composers and Collectors

Here is a nifty poster of Fairy Tale Composers and Collectors from Fairylogue Press.

The poster includes many authors; I've bolded the ones who are part of the UnTextbook: Charles Perrault, Andrew Lang, Brothers Grimm, Yei Theodora Ozaki, J. M. Barrie, Madame D'Aulnoy, P. Chaykovsky, Scheherazade, Hans Christian Andersen, Joseph Jacobs, Alexander Afanasyev, Asbjornsen and Moe, George MacDonald, L. Frank Baum, Lewis Carroll, Carlo Collodi, Robert Southey, Mademoiselle de La Force, and Marie Leprince de Beaumont.

The Hero's Journey

This diagram comes from the Wikipedia article on The Hero's Journey, which is based on the work of the mythologist Joseph Campbell, quoted here:
A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder: fabulous forces are there encountered and a decisive victory is won: the hero comes back from this mysterious adventure with the power to bestow boons on his fellow man.
Here is the diagram, and see below for more details about Campbell's scheme:

Campbell's 17 Stages:

1. The Call to Adventure
2. Refusal of the Call
3. Supernatural Aid
4. Crossing the First Threshold
5. Belly of the Whale

1. The Road of Trials
2. The Meeting with the Goddess
3. Woman as Temptress
4. Atonement with the Father
5. Apotheosis
6. The Ultimate Boon

1. Refusal of the Return
2. The Magic Flight
3. Rescue from Without
4. The Crossing of the Return Threshold
5. Master of Two Worlds
6. Freedom to Live

Pieter Bruegel the Elder's Tower of Babel

From Google Art Project and Khan Academy: A short video introduction to Pieter Bruegel the Elder's Tower of Babel:

You can learn more about this famous painting at Wikipedia, and you can read the Biblical account here at the UnTextbook: Tower of Babel. There are also Jewish legends about the Tower collected by Louis Ginzberg.

Here is Bruegel's painting:

And here are some details showing the city in the background, the workers, and King Nimrod:

Legonauts: Juno and Jupiter in Outer Space

The Roman gods gave their names to the planets, and now Juno and Jupiter are in outer space, along with Galileo... you can read about them in this article at Atlas Obscura: Galileo Finally Made It to Jupiter (In Lego Form, at Least).

These three Lego figures (made out of aluminum) traveled on an unmanned NASA probe to the planet Jupiter. The probe was launched in 2011, and after five years, it finally reached Jupiter this year; if all goes well, it will be orbiting the planet until a planned crash landing in 2018. You can read more about the Juno Probe at Wikipedia, and you can follow the mission at Twitter

This image shows just Jupiter and Juno; he holds a lightning bolt, while Juno has a magnifying glass, which, as NASA explains, symbolizes her search for truth:

Wikipedia Trail: From The Isle of Man to the Dictionary of the Khazars

I was struck by the image on the cover of Moore's Folklore of the Isle of Man, and at Wikipedia I learned that it is their flag!

So, that's where I started my Wikipedia trail:

Flag of the Isle of Man. The note with the image explains that the image in the flag is called a triskelion. That's what I need to look up next!

Triskelion. This is a design that has three interlocked spirals or bent legs (like in the flag). It is not just the symbol of the Isle of Man, but also Sicily. The article gives ancient and modern examples from Europe and Asia too. It is also a Kumyk symbol, so I need to look that up next.

Kumyk People. The Kumyks are a Turkic people who live in the Republic of Dagestan in Russia. And apparently some people think the Kumyks are descendants of the Khazars, which definitely got my attention, so I clicked through to that article.

Khazars. The medieval Khazar kingdom was one of the most powerful states on the Silk Road. The article includes a discussion of the King of the Khazars and their mass conversion to Judaism, which is how I know about the Khazars: that legendary conversion is a big theme in Milorad Pavic's Dictionary of the Khazars, one of my favorite books!